This paper presents an original approach to mitigate the motion of floating spar supports for offshore wind turbines. A two-degree-of-freedom tuned mass damper device, consisting of a chain of masses, linearly-elastic springs and viscous dashpots, is connected to the system within the nacelle. Considering a four-degree-of-freedom model of the system under simplified aerodynamic rotor loads, as well as Morison hydrodynamic loads, the proposed approach involves tuning the two natural frequencies of the device to the pitch natural frequency of the system and a relevant frequency within the range of the wave loads. Extensive numerical simulations on the OC3Hywind spar floating wind turbine, for different load cases, prove that the proposed two degree-of-freedom tuned mass damper is more effective than a standard single-degree-of freedom one, assuming the two devices feature the same total mass. Further, design parameters are identified for representative loading conditions, in terms of ratio between the two masses within the device and ratio between the total masses of device and system.

A two-degree-of-freedom tuned mass damper for offshore wind turbines on floating spar supports

Laface, V;Alotta, G;Failla, G;Arena, F
2022

Abstract

This paper presents an original approach to mitigate the motion of floating spar supports for offshore wind turbines. A two-degree-of-freedom tuned mass damper device, consisting of a chain of masses, linearly-elastic springs and viscous dashpots, is connected to the system within the nacelle. Considering a four-degree-of-freedom model of the system under simplified aerodynamic rotor loads, as well as Morison hydrodynamic loads, the proposed approach involves tuning the two natural frequencies of the device to the pitch natural frequency of the system and a relevant frequency within the range of the wave loads. Extensive numerical simulations on the OC3Hywind spar floating wind turbine, for different load cases, prove that the proposed two degree-of-freedom tuned mass damper is more effective than a standard single-degree-of freedom one, assuming the two devices feature the same total mass. Further, design parameters are identified for representative loading conditions, in terms of ratio between the two masses within the device and ratio between the total masses of device and system.
Floating offshore wind turbine
Spar
Tuned mass damper
Nonlinear time-domain analyses
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/130086
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