The paper, which reports research started in 1987 and extending until the recent ERSA Congresses, about innovation and anthropization processes, focuses on the word crisis. This offers a chance to move from the industrial and mass town towards a more sustainable way of anthropization. Our wisdom—Sapienza is the name of the first University in Rome—must consist of considering local conditions, not as design constraints, but as suggestions for plans and projects: i.e., starting from the place, from geomorphologic elements, historical events etc., with the responsibility of all actors involved in the organization and physical structure of territory and towns. This concept developed by Settis in his Lectio Magistralis (L’etica del architetto e il restauro del paesaggio. University Mediterranea of Reggio Calabria, Reggio Calabria, 2014) for “Ad Honrem” Degree in Architecture, titled The ethic of the architect and restoration of landscape (L’etica dell’architetto e il restauro del paesaggio). He reminded us of Vitruvius’ approach that today we call multidisciplinary, with the fundamental role played by context. It means overcoming the industrial paradigm—recalling metaphorically the word that Khun (The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago University Press, Chicago, 1962) used for scientific revolutions—evolving over 350 years to built another developmental path. Calabria presents an important opportunity to propose novel territory based on man—nature alliance (E. Scandurra in L'ambiente dell'uomo. Verso il progetto della città sostenibile. Etas Libri, Milano, 1995): an unedited and unique landscape. This can be accomplished in harmony with the philosophy of Smart city, i.e., realizing local inclusive communities that are sustainable, both materially and socially. The paper illustrates this general picture, highlighting opportunities for a different scenario by referring to the Reggio Calabria Metropolitan case. It stresses the need for a “cultured technology” Del Nord (L’immaginario tecnologico metropolitano. Franco Angeli, Milano, 1991) to overcome the unsustainable development that was identified first in The Limits to Growth (Meadows D.H. Mondadori, 1972). Such a culture must be based on integrated planning, as required by the Leipzig Charter (2007)—but it seems forgotten—able to connect rural and not rural areas, small, medium, big towns and metropolitan areas. Moreover this requires diffusion of those fundamental elements to continue advocacy of an “ecological approach” based on knowledge of local conditions, both material and social. After a short introduction, the paper, using the “phenomenological” methodology, describes facts and provides scenarios and operative hypotheses.
|Titolo:||Integrated planning policies for the ecological territories and the ecocities: implementation of a smart sustainable approach|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|