The aim of the present work was to evaluate productive traits andoil content of 15 recent released varieties of cotton for a possiblereintroduction in the cropping systems of Southern Italy and usethe seed as ingredient in animal feeding. The trial was carriedout in 2011 in Gela Plain on a clay soil on 14 varieties ofGossipium hirsutum and 1 hybrid of Gossipium barbadense (5A)adopting a randomised block design with three replications.Sowing was performed on the 6th of May with a plant density of12 plants m-2. The fatty acids methyl esters (FAMEs) were analyzedby GC-FID. Individual fatty acids were expressed ing 100 g-1 of the total fatty acid methyl esters identified. All datawere submitted to one-way ANOVA (percentage data were previouslyarcsine transformed) and Tukey’s HSD was adopted as multiplecomparison test. Fibre yield was on average 1.05 t ha-1, witha group of seven varieties that showed the highest fibre production,among which emerged, ‘Elsa’ and ‘Claudia’ . As far seed production,the most productive varieties resulted ‘5A’ and ‘Elsa’,with a seed yield of 1.83 t ha-1, on average. Oil content was onaverage 18.5 g 100 g-1. Among the fatty acids of nutritional interest,results showed that the fatty acid profile was little influenced by varieties, less than the agronomic traits.
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