Salinity is an abiotic stress which seriously affects crop production over the world, particularly in arid and semiarid regions, with harmful effects on germination, growth and yield. Maize (Zea mays L.), cultivated in a wide spectrum of soil and climatic conditions, is the third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat, moderately sensitive to salt stress. A saline level more than 250mM NaCl damages maize plants, causing severe wilting. In this study, the effects of hydro-priming (distilled water) and bio-priming (Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Artemisia L. leaf extracts) on seed germination and seedling growth of maize, under 100mM NaCl salinity were investigated. The factorial experiments were carried out in greenhouse under controlled condition (25 °C in 12/ 12 h day/night) based on a completely randomized design with three replicates. Results showed that both hydroand bio-priming increased germination percentage and germination indexes in maize seeds. Rosmarinus extract was the most effective in inducing salt resistance in 30 days old seedlings, with beneficial effects in the strengthening of the antioxidant system and in the maintenance of a higher photosynthetic efficiency under salt stress condition.

Bio-priming mitigates detrimental effects of salinity on maize improving antioxidant defense and preserving photosynthetic efficiency

PANUCCIO, Maria Rosaria;MUSCOLO, Adele Maria
2018

Abstract

Salinity is an abiotic stress which seriously affects crop production over the world, particularly in arid and semiarid regions, with harmful effects on germination, growth and yield. Maize (Zea mays L.), cultivated in a wide spectrum of soil and climatic conditions, is the third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat, moderately sensitive to salt stress. A saline level more than 250mM NaCl damages maize plants, causing severe wilting. In this study, the effects of hydro-priming (distilled water) and bio-priming (Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Artemisia L. leaf extracts) on seed germination and seedling growth of maize, under 100mM NaCl salinity were investigated. The factorial experiments were carried out in greenhouse under controlled condition (25 °C in 12/ 12 h day/night) based on a completely randomized design with three replicates. Results showed that both hydroand bio-priming increased germination percentage and germination indexes in maize seeds. Rosmarinus extract was the most effective in inducing salt resistance in 30 days old seedlings, with beneficial effects in the strengthening of the antioxidant system and in the maintenance of a higher photosynthetic efficiency under salt stress condition.
Antioxidants Artemisia Priming Rosmarinus Salinity Zea mays
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/1067
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