The refractive index and its variation with temperature, i.e. the thermo-optic coefficient, are basic optical parameters for all those semiconductors that are used in the fabrication of linear and non-linear opto-electronic devices and systems. Recently, 4H single-crystal silicon carbide (4H-SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) have emerged as excellent building materials for high power and high-temperature electronics, and wide parallel applications in photonics can be consequently forecasted in the near future, in particular in the infrared telecommunication band of λ = 1500–1600 nm. In this paper, the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) is experimentally measured in 4H-SiC and GaN substrates, from room temperature to 480 K, at the wavelength of 1550 nm. Specifically, the substrates, forming natural Fabry–Perot etalons, are exploited within a simple hybrid fiber free-space optical interferometric system to take accurate measurements of the transmitted optical power in the said temperature range. It is found that, for both semiconductors, dn/dT is itself remarkably temperature-dependent, in particular quadratically for GaN and almost linearly for 4H-SiC.

Temperature dependence of the thermo-optic coefficient in 4H-SiC and GaN slabs at the wavelength of 1550 nm

Rao S.
;
Mallemace E. D.;Faggio G.;Messina G.;Della Corte F. G.
2022-01-01

Abstract

The refractive index and its variation with temperature, i.e. the thermo-optic coefficient, are basic optical parameters for all those semiconductors that are used in the fabrication of linear and non-linear opto-electronic devices and systems. Recently, 4H single-crystal silicon carbide (4H-SiC) and gallium nitride (GaN) have emerged as excellent building materials for high power and high-temperature electronics, and wide parallel applications in photonics can be consequently forecasted in the near future, in particular in the infrared telecommunication band of λ = 1500–1600 nm. In this paper, the thermo-optic coefficient (dn/dT) is experimentally measured in 4H-SiC and GaN substrates, from room temperature to 480 K, at the wavelength of 1550 nm. Specifically, the substrates, forming natural Fabry–Perot etalons, are exploited within a simple hybrid fiber free-space optical interferometric system to take accurate measurements of the transmitted optical power in the said temperature range. It is found that, for both semiconductors, dn/dT is itself remarkably temperature-dependent, in particular quadratically for GaN and almost linearly for 4H-SiC.
2022
Electrical and electronic engineering, Photonic devices
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Rao_2022_ScientificReports_Temperature_Editor.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 2.2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.2 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/120840
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact