The evaluation of geosynthetic interface friction is a key parameter for the stability of coupled geosynthetics, as in landfill capping liner. At the present time, few types of tests are suitable for measuring the interface friction at low normal stress: one of these is the inclined plane, usually carried out under a vertical stress of 5 kPa. This type of test is not without critical aspects, mainly due to the nonuniform normal stress state induced by the inclination of the plane, but, on the other hand, the most widespread direct shear test generally cannot be performed at such low values of normal stress. After a short discussion on the pros and cons of these two types of test, the paper presents a comparison of the interface friction angles obtained, for three interfaces, by means of an inclined plane and an unconventional direct shear apparatus, under the same low normal stress. The peculiarity of this latter device is of ensuring a gradual increase of the mobilized strength, in a way similar to what occurs during the inclined plane test. The good correspondence of the results of the two types of tests confirmed the validity of both the test approaches.

Geosynthetic Interface Friction at Low Normal Stress: Two Approaches with Increasing Shear Loading

Moraci N.
2022

Abstract

The evaluation of geosynthetic interface friction is a key parameter for the stability of coupled geosynthetics, as in landfill capping liner. At the present time, few types of tests are suitable for measuring the interface friction at low normal stress: one of these is the inclined plane, usually carried out under a vertical stress of 5 kPa. This type of test is not without critical aspects, mainly due to the nonuniform normal stress state induced by the inclination of the plane, but, on the other hand, the most widespread direct shear test generally cannot be performed at such low values of normal stress. After a short discussion on the pros and cons of these two types of test, the paper presents a comparison of the interface friction angles obtained, for three interfaces, by means of an inclined plane and an unconventional direct shear apparatus, under the same low normal stress. The peculiarity of this latter device is of ensuring a gradual increase of the mobilized strength, in a way similar to what occurs during the inclined plane test. The good correspondence of the results of the two types of tests confirmed the validity of both the test approaches.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/127426
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