Introduction: The diffusion of irrigation in olive orchards requires accurate scheduling of theapplication of water.Objectives: To evaluate the efficiency of different modes of irrigation scheduling for mature olivetrees grown at different plant densities and in different soil types and irrigated under differentsystems and strategies.Methodology: We compare the irrigation scheduling with variable quantities and intervals (OPT),optimised by the water balance-evapotranspiration method (WB-ET) by evaluating the use ofvariable quantities and different fixed intervals (3, 7, 14 and 28 days) as well as a fixed interval andquantity (FIX). These scheduling scenarios were applied to high-density and super-high densitygroves in medium to fine textured and moderately coarse to medium textured soils irrigated bysprinkler, microjets and drip irrigation systems under full and deficit (sustained, SDI and regulated,RDI) irrigation strategies in a Mediterranean environment (Calabria Region, Italy). Three sets ofmeasured meteorological data (2016, 2017 and the mean values of the 2001-2017) were used forsimulations.Results: OPT scheduling showed maximum efficiency. Three-day and weekly intervals showacceptable performance in terms of efficiency as well as water and energy requirements, whereas FIX scheduling shows very low efficiency. SDI and RDI permit mean savings of approximately 36%-54% of water and energy compared to full irrigation. High-density orchards drip irrigated under theSDI strategy show minimum water and energy requirements.Conclusions: The traditional irrigation strategy at fixed quantity and interval is not adequate toachieve high efficiency in the irrigation of olive orchards, from both the agronomic (reduction of cropwater stress) and economic (reduction of water and energy requirements) point of view. Theoptimisation of the irrigation scheduling requires the estimate of the water quantity to deliver in eachirrigation in both the irrigation management at variable and fixed interval. The WB-ET model is anefficient and (relatively) simple tool to foresee the quantities and the dates of irrigation during theirrigation season.
|Titolo:||Irrigation Scheduling Optimisation in Olive Groves|
CAPRA, ANTONINA [Membro del Collaboration Group] (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
|Capra_2018_J OF EXP AGRIC INTERN_Irrigation_editor.pdf||versione editoriale||Versione Editoriale (PDF)||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|