Due to its high polyphagy, Aphis gossypii is considered a key pest of many crops, and it can feed on hundreds of plant species belonging to the families Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Rutaceae, and Asteraceae. The control of this pest mainly relies on synthetic insecticides whose adverse effects on the environment and human health are encouraging researchers to explore innovative, alternative solutions. In this scenario, essential oils (EOs) could play a key role in the development of ecofriendly pesticides. In this study, the development of a citrus peel EO-based nano-formulation and its biological activity against A. gossypii both in the laboratory and field were described and evaluated. The phytotoxicity towards citrus plants was also assessed. The developed nano-insecticide highlighted good aphicidal activity both in the laboratory and field trials, even at moderate EO concentrations. However, the highest tested concentrations (4 and 6% of active ingredient) revealed phytotoxic effects on the photosynthetic apparatus; the side effects need to be carefully accounted for to successfully apply this control tool in field conditions.

Aphicidal Activity and Phytotoxicity of Citrus sinensis Essential-Oil-Based Nano-Insecticide

Campolo, Orlando
;
Latella, Ilaria;Modafferi, Antonino;Palmeri, Vincenzo;SORGONA', Agostino;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Due to its high polyphagy, Aphis gossypii is considered a key pest of many crops, and it can feed on hundreds of plant species belonging to the families Cucurbitaceae, Malvaceae, Solanaceae, Rutaceae, and Asteraceae. The control of this pest mainly relies on synthetic insecticides whose adverse effects on the environment and human health are encouraging researchers to explore innovative, alternative solutions. In this scenario, essential oils (EOs) could play a key role in the development of ecofriendly pesticides. In this study, the development of a citrus peel EO-based nano-formulation and its biological activity against A. gossypii both in the laboratory and field were described and evaluated. The phytotoxicity towards citrus plants was also assessed. The developed nano-insecticide highlighted good aphicidal activity both in the laboratory and field trials, even at moderate EO concentrations. However, the highest tested concentrations (4 and 6% of active ingredient) revealed phytotoxic effects on the photosynthetic apparatus; the side effects need to be carefully accounted for to successfully apply this control tool in field conditions.
Aphis gossypii
botanical
integrated pest management
nano-emulsion
side effect
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/132026
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