Pipe lines are useful for transporting water for drinking, irrigation and for fire-ing over long distances,this pipe lines are called “Transmission line” and are used to carry conveying raw or treated water froma well field or remote storage (large lake, reservoir, etc.,) facility to a treatment plant and/or distributionstorage tank. In water-carrying piping systems, dangerous phenomena may occur. One such phenomenonis water hammer.The water hammer has always been an area of study, which has captivated the minds of researchers due to its complex and challenging phenomena. Modeling the phenomenon in real conditions isextremely difficult. Due to the dimensions of the piping systems, conducting research at real scales isimpossible. However, thanks to the development of numerical methods, the study of water hammer andits effects can be performed using simulation programs. Unfortunately, the simulation results are notalways consistent with the actual course of the phenomenon.One of the parameters that describes the nature of the course of a water hammer is the velocity ofpropagation of the pressure wave, c, which is called celerity. The transient surge pressure, p, may becalculated from the pressure celerity c, and the sudden change in fluid flow velocity, ∆ v. In a pipingsystem, the value of the pressure wave celerity is not equal to the individual celerity, c, for a singlepipeline. Therefore for piping systems for ∆p calculations the equivalent celerity shell be used.This article presents value of the equivalent celerity calculated from equations derived using linearanalysis of natural vibrations of the system. For implement of the equations, an algorithm in MATLAB has been developed that allows one to easily calculate the equivalent celerity, ce, for N pipelinesconnected in series with varying diameter, length and material composition.

### USE OF EQUIVALENT CELERITY TO ESTIMATE MAXIMUM PRESSURE INCREASE IN SERIAL PIPES DURING WATER HAMMER - NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS IN MATLAB

#### Abstract

Pipe lines are useful for transporting water for drinking, irrigation and for fire-ing over long distances,this pipe lines are called “Transmission line” and are used to carry conveying raw or treated water froma well field or remote storage (large lake, reservoir, etc.,) facility to a treatment plant and/or distributionstorage tank. In water-carrying piping systems, dangerous phenomena may occur. One such phenomenonis water hammer.The water hammer has always been an area of study, which has captivated the minds of researchers due to its complex and challenging phenomena. Modeling the phenomenon in real conditions isextremely difficult. Due to the dimensions of the piping systems, conducting research at real scales isimpossible. However, thanks to the development of numerical methods, the study of water hammer andits effects can be performed using simulation programs. Unfortunately, the simulation results are notalways consistent with the actual course of the phenomenon.One of the parameters that describes the nature of the course of a water hammer is the velocity ofpropagation of the pressure wave, c, which is called celerity. The transient surge pressure, p, may becalculated from the pressure celerity c, and the sudden change in fluid flow velocity, ∆ v. In a pipingsystem, the value of the pressure wave celerity is not equal to the individual celerity, c, for a singlepipeline. Therefore for piping systems for ∆p calculations the equivalent celerity shell be used.This article presents value of the equivalent celerity calculated from equations derived using linearanalysis of natural vibrations of the system. For implement of the equations, an algorithm in MATLAB has been developed that allows one to easily calculate the equivalent celerity, ce, for N pipelinesconnected in series with varying diameter, length and material composition.
##### Scheda breve Scheda completa Scheda completa (DC)
2019
equivalent celerity; long distance; numerical methods; water hammer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/1408`
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