Olive possesses excellent nutritional and economic values for its main healthy products. Among them, a high content of antioxidant compounds, balanced during the ripening process, are produced under genetic and environmental control, resulting in high variability among cultivars. The genes involved in these complex pathways are mainly known, but despite many studies which indicated the key role of light quality and quantity for the synthesis of many metabolites in plants, limited information on these topics is available in olive. We carried out a targeted gene expression profiling in three olive cultivars, Cellina di Nardo, Ruveia, and Salella, which were selected for their contrasting oleic acid and phenolic content. The -omics combined approach revealed a direct correlation between a higher expression of the main flavonoid genes and the high content of these metabolites in 'Cellina di Nardo'. Furthermore, it confirmed the key role of FAD2-2 in the linoleic acid biosynthesis. More interestingly, in all the comparisons, a co-regulation of genes involved in photoperception and circadian clock machinery suggests a key role of light in orchestrating the regulation of these pathways in olive. Therefore, the identified genes in our analyses might represent a useful tool to support olive breeding, although further investigations are needed.

Combined Transcriptomic and Metabolomic Approach Revealed a Relationship between Light Control, Photoprotective Pigments, and Lipid Biosynthesis in Olives

Sunseri F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Olive possesses excellent nutritional and economic values for its main healthy products. Among them, a high content of antioxidant compounds, balanced during the ripening process, are produced under genetic and environmental control, resulting in high variability among cultivars. The genes involved in these complex pathways are mainly known, but despite many studies which indicated the key role of light quality and quantity for the synthesis of many metabolites in plants, limited information on these topics is available in olive. We carried out a targeted gene expression profiling in three olive cultivars, Cellina di Nardo, Ruveia, and Salella, which were selected for their contrasting oleic acid and phenolic content. The -omics combined approach revealed a direct correlation between a higher expression of the main flavonoid genes and the high content of these metabolites in 'Cellina di Nardo'. Furthermore, it confirmed the key role of FAD2-2 in the linoleic acid biosynthesis. More interestingly, in all the comparisons, a co-regulation of genes involved in photoperception and circadian clock machinery suggests a key role of light in orchestrating the regulation of these pathways in olive. Therefore, the identified genes in our analyses might represent a useful tool to support olive breeding, although further investigations are needed.
2023
HPLC-MS/MS
gene expression analysis
light signal transduction
olive ripening
targeted RNA-Seq
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/142328
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