Nanofibers of conducting polymers, as polyaniline (PANI), have received a great deal of attention by the scientific community for their potential applications (electronic, magnetic, biomedical, optical fields). Recently the electrospinning has emerged as a promising technique to produce wires and fibers of polymers with diameters ranging from 10 nm to 10 μm. PANI shows poor processability by electrospinning due to its low solubility in common solvents. However, it is possible to spin polyaniline nanofibers adding another polymer to the organic solutions, generally an insulator, necessary to increase the viscosity of the polymeric solution to be spun. Unfortunately, the presence of an insulator copolymer decreases the fibers conductivity. The key factor to obtain fibers of good quality (high conductivity and a narrow distribution of the diameters) is to reduce the amount of insulator copolymer in the spun process. Accordingly, we prepared raw PANI following different synthetic methods to be compared, aiming at the best optimized protocol in terms of easy solubility and enhanced spinning behavior of the polymers achieved. All the materials have been characterized by FT-IR and UV-VIS spectroscopies. The spun samples obtained have been characterized by SEM to evaluate the fiber morphology and complex impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in order to measure the electrical conductivity.

Electrospinning of polyaniline: Effect of different raw sources

ANTONUCCI, Pierluigi;FRONTERA, Patrizia
2013

Abstract

Nanofibers of conducting polymers, as polyaniline (PANI), have received a great deal of attention by the scientific community for their potential applications (electronic, magnetic, biomedical, optical fields). Recently the electrospinning has emerged as a promising technique to produce wires and fibers of polymers with diameters ranging from 10 nm to 10 μm. PANI shows poor processability by electrospinning due to its low solubility in common solvents. However, it is possible to spin polyaniline nanofibers adding another polymer to the organic solutions, generally an insulator, necessary to increase the viscosity of the polymeric solution to be spun. Unfortunately, the presence of an insulator copolymer decreases the fibers conductivity. The key factor to obtain fibers of good quality (high conductivity and a narrow distribution of the diameters) is to reduce the amount of insulator copolymer in the spun process. Accordingly, we prepared raw PANI following different synthetic methods to be compared, aiming at the best optimized protocol in terms of easy solubility and enhanced spinning behavior of the polymers achieved. All the materials have been characterized by FT-IR and UV-VIS spectroscopies. The spun samples obtained have been characterized by SEM to evaluate the fiber morphology and complex impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in order to measure the electrical conductivity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/1527
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