Titanium oxide/carbon nanotubes-based nanocomposites (TiO2/CNTs, prepared by sol–gel method, and 2%Pt/TiO2/CNTs, obtained by wetness impregnation of the TiO2/CNTs base material with a solution of platinum acetylacetonate) have been recently used as active layer in hydrogen sensing devices at near room temperature, obtaining quite different responsiveness. The microstructure of these hybrid materials is here systematically investigated by micro-Raman spectroscopy at 2.41 eV. The results show that regardless of the nominal C/Ti molar ratio (3.6 or 17.0) only the anatase phase of titania is formed. Theoretical calculations demonstrate that phonon confinement is fully responsible for the large blueshift (10 cm1) and broadening (20 cm1) of the lowest-frequency Raman mode with respect to bulk anatase. The average size (4.3–5.0 nm) of TiO2 crystallites, resulting from Raman spectra fitting, is in excellent agreement with those inferred from transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements.
|Titolo:||Micro-Raman analysis of titanium oxide/carbon nanotubes-based nanocomposites for hydrogen sensing applications|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|