Sesame seeds are an excellent food and non-food raw material, for which there is a consolidated deficit in Italy and in other European Union countries. For this reason, a 2-years experiment was conducted in Sicily to compare the agronomic perfor- mance (phenology, morphological and productive traits) and grain quality (oil and its main constituents,protein of defatted flour, fibre) of three landraces, one of Turkish origin and two Sicilian (‘‘Ispica’’ and ‘‘Modica’’), and two improved varieties (‘Pachequino’ and ‘Yori 77’). The landraces evidenced earliness (115 days) and the greater height of insertion of first capsule (0.52 m), whereas the variety ‘Pachequino’ was the most productive (3.5 t ha-1). Turkish and ‘‘Ispica’’ landraces and ‘Yori 77’ variety provided seeds with greater lipid (54 %, on average) and protein contents (44 % on defatted flour, on average). ‘Pachequino’ and both Sicilian landraces produced seeds richer in fibre fractions. As regard to oil quality, the oleic acid/linoleic acid was found balanced (about 1)for Turkish landrace, and it decreased for the other cultivars reaching the lowest value for ‘Pachequino’. ‘‘Modica’’ had higher quantity of unsaponifiable matter (1.98 %) in the oil, whereas ‘Yori 77’ had the maximum concentration of phytosterols (5532.8 mg kg-1). Policosanol fraction prevailed in oil of ‘‘Ispica’’ (205.8 mg kg-1). Moreover, there was variability in the fatty acid, sterol and policosanol compositions with differences among the cultivars. Research provide information to exploit sesa me within agrosystems under Mediterranean climates, and may be a starting point for breeding activity to enhance crop productivity and grain quality.
|Titolo:||Agronomic performance and grain quality of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) landraces and improved varieties grown in a Mediterranean environment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|
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