Ceria-supported Au catalysts for selective oxidation of CO under simulated fuel processing conditions for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application were investigated. Fresh and used catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The influence of catalyst heat treatment, reaction temperature, gas composition and space velocity on CO conversion and CO2 selectivity has been evaluated. Air calcination at 500 ◦C resulted in the establishment of adequate interfacial metal oxide properties which are essential to promote the selective CO oxidation. CO conversion close to 100% was obtained at 120 ◦C, whereas CO2 selectivities not higher than 40% were obtained in the entire temperature range investigated (80–120 ◦C). The presence of CO2 in the inlet stream negatively affected both CO conversion and CO2 selectivity. Both calcined and uncalcined Au/CeO2 catalysts resulted to be very stable, as demonstrated by 120 h endurance tests. TEM investigation of the used catalysts revealed that a surface Au particles reconstruction occurred during reaction.

CO Selective Oxidation on Ceria-supported Au Catalyst for Fuel Cell Application

DONATO A;ANTONUCCI, Pierluigi
2004

Abstract

Ceria-supported Au catalysts for selective oxidation of CO under simulated fuel processing conditions for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) application were investigated. Fresh and used catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The influence of catalyst heat treatment, reaction temperature, gas composition and space velocity on CO conversion and CO2 selectivity has been evaluated. Air calcination at 500 ◦C resulted in the establishment of adequate interfacial metal oxide properties which are essential to promote the selective CO oxidation. CO conversion close to 100% was obtained at 120 ◦C, whereas CO2 selectivities not higher than 40% were obtained in the entire temperature range investigated (80–120 ◦C). The presence of CO2 in the inlet stream negatively affected both CO conversion and CO2 selectivity. Both calcined and uncalcined Au/CeO2 catalysts resulted to be very stable, as demonstrated by 120 h endurance tests. TEM investigation of the used catalysts revealed that a surface Au particles reconstruction occurred during reaction.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/2510
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 101
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 99
social impact