A PCR-based ‘molecular tool box’, based on a region of the ras-related protein gene Ypt 1, was developed for the identification of 15 Phytophthora species that damage forests and trees: P. cactorum, P. cambivora,P. cinnamomi, P. citricola, P. europaea, P. inundata, P. lateralis, P. megasperma, P. nemorosa, P. kernoviae,P. pseudosyringae, P. psychrophila, P. quercina, P. ramorum and P. ilicis. Most primers proved highly specific in blast analyses and in tests with DNA from 72 isolates of 35 species of Phytophthora and nine species representative of Pythium. Exceptions were primers designed for P. cactorum and P. ilicis, which cross-reacted with P. idaei and P. nemorosa, respectively. Amplification with Phytophthora -genus-specific primers before amplification with the various species-specific primers (nested PCR) increased the sensitivity of detection over amplification with species-specific primers only: detection limits ranged between 100 and 10 pg target DNA μL–1 in the latter, compared with 100 fg μL–1 in nested PCR. Using existing methods for rapid extraction and purification of DNA, single-round amplification was appropriate for detection of targetPhytophthora species in leaves, but nested PCR was required for soil and water samples. The quarantine pathogens P. ramorum and P. kernoviae were detected in a number of naturally infected leaves collected in England and Wales, whereas P. citricola was commonest in water and soil samples from natural Scottish ecosystems.
|Titolo:||Development and application of a PCR based “molecular tool box” for the detection of Phytophthora species damaging forests and natural ecosystems|
SCHENA, Leonardo (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|