Detection of Botrytis cinerea latent infections on grapes before storage is essential for effective controlstrategies. In the present study, a molecular detection method was developed to detect and quantify B.cinerea in grape tissues. Preliminary investigations, conducted on local varieties by fruit freezing, identifiedthe ‘Red Globe’ variety as the less contaminated one and confirmed the preferential localizationof latent infections in the berry-pedicel attachment zone (berry calottes) and pathogen presence on stamens.A quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) detection method, based on a probe designed on B. cinereaintergenic spacer (IGS) regions and a reported probe for Vitis vinifera as internal control, was utilized toreveal the presence of symptomless infections on bunches. The system proved to be highly specific andsensitive, enabling quantification of as little as 10 fg of B. cinerea DNA and detection of single conidia inartificially inoculated grape berries; moreover, it allowed reliable detection of the pathogen in naturallyinfected asymptomatic tissues. In particular, the qPCR assay revealed the presence of B. cinerea in 80and 65% of apparently healthy calottes and stamens, respectively, with an efficiency higher than thatobtained from freezing and plating techniques. Furthermore, significant correlations (R2 = 0.89 and 0.94)were found between qPCR results and the actual disease incidence on bunches from which calottes andstamens were sampled.
|Titolo:||Early detection of Botrytis cinerea latent infections as a tool to improve postharvest quality of table grapes|
SCHENA, Leonardo (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|