This work analyses cadmium sorption by natural vermiculite, zeolite, and pumice, which have been recently considered for their potential use in remediation of contaminated soils. Batch experiments were performed to investigate the interactions between the mineral surfaces and the main nutritive cations of Hoagland solution. In addition to their ameliorative effect of reducing metal mobility, these minerals are able to interact to different extents with various components of the nutrient solution and can change the availability of essential nutrients in solution. Therefore, the minerals were also exposed to a range of cadmium doses to compare their different affinities for this element and to analyse the cadmium–nutrient interactions. The results showed that the nutrient solution composition was significantly modified by contact with zeolite and vermiculite, and to a minor extent with pumice. The ionic equilibrium between the solid and aqueous phases was attained at several time points depending on the cation. Ammonium and potassium ions were almost entirely absorbed by zeolite, while in vermiculite endogenous magnesium ions were exchanged with the liquid phase calcium ions. The amount of cadmium adsorbed on mineral surfaces equilibrated with the nutrient solution showed the following sequence zeolite4vermiculite4 pumice, and the cation concentrations of the fluid phase were sensitive to cadmium addition.

Adsortpion of nutrients and cadmium by different minerals: experimental studies and modelling

PANUCCIO M
;
SORGONA' A;
2008

Abstract

This work analyses cadmium sorption by natural vermiculite, zeolite, and pumice, which have been recently considered for their potential use in remediation of contaminated soils. Batch experiments were performed to investigate the interactions between the mineral surfaces and the main nutritive cations of Hoagland solution. In addition to their ameliorative effect of reducing metal mobility, these minerals are able to interact to different extents with various components of the nutrient solution and can change the availability of essential nutrients in solution. Therefore, the minerals were also exposed to a range of cadmium doses to compare their different affinities for this element and to analyse the cadmium–nutrient interactions. The results showed that the nutrient solution composition was significantly modified by contact with zeolite and vermiculite, and to a minor extent with pumice. The ionic equilibrium between the solid and aqueous phases was attained at several time points depending on the cation. Ammonium and potassium ions were almost entirely absorbed by zeolite, while in vermiculite endogenous magnesium ions were exchanged with the liquid phase calcium ions. The amount of cadmium adsorbed on mineral surfaces equilibrated with the nutrient solution showed the following sequence zeolite4vermiculite4 pumice, and the cation concentrations of the fluid phase were sensitive to cadmium addition.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/3691
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