A wavelets-based method is developed to estimate the evolutionary power spectral density (EPSD) of nonstationary stochastic processes. The method relies on the property that the continuous wavelet transform of a nonstationary process can be treated as a stochastic process with EPSD given in terms of the EPSD of the process in a closed form. This yields an equation in the frequency domain relating the instantaneous mean-square value of the wavelet transform to the EPSD of the process. A number of these equations are considered, each related to a certain scale of the wavelet transform, in conjunction with representing the target EPSD as a sum of time-independent shape functions modulated by time-dependent coefficients; the squared moduli of the Fourier transforms of the wavelets associated with the selected scales are taken as shape functions. This leads to a linear system of equations which is solved to determine the unknown time-dependent coefficients; the same system matrix applies for all time instances. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed method.

### Evolutionary spectra estimation using wavelets

#### Abstract

A wavelets-based method is developed to estimate the evolutionary power spectral density (EPSD) of nonstationary stochastic processes. The method relies on the property that the continuous wavelet transform of a nonstationary process can be treated as a stochastic process with EPSD given in terms of the EPSD of the process in a closed form. This yields an equation in the frequency domain relating the instantaneous mean-square value of the wavelet transform to the EPSD of the process. A number of these equations are considered, each related to a certain scale of the wavelet transform, in conjunction with representing the target EPSD as a sum of time-independent shape functions modulated by time-dependent coefficients; the squared moduli of the Fourier transforms of the wavelets associated with the selected scales are taken as shape functions. This leads to a linear system of equations which is solved to determine the unknown time-dependent coefficients; the same system matrix applies for all time instances. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed method.
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Stationary processes; Earthquakes; Spectra; Spectral density function; Stochastic processes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/3724`
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