Uncertainty plays a fundamental role in structural engineering since it may affect both external excitations and structural parameters. In this study, the analysis of linear structures with slight variations of the structural parameters subjected to stochastic excitation is addressed. It is realistically assumed that sufficient data are available to model the external excitation as a Gaussian random process, while only fragmentary or incomplete information about the structural parameters are known. Under this assumption, a nonprobabilistic approach is pursued and the fluctuating properties are modeled as uncertain-but-bounded parameters via interval analysis. A method for evaluating the lower and upper bounds of the second-order statistics of the response is presented. The proposed procedure basically consists in combining random vibration theory with first-order interval Taylor series expansion of the mean-value and covariance vectors of the response. After some algebra, the sets of first-order ordinary differential equations ruling the nominal and first-order sensitivity vectors of response statistics are derived. Once such equations are solved, the bounds of the mean-value and covariance vectors of the response can be evaluated by handy formulas. To validate the procedure, numerical results concerning two different structures with uncertain-but-bounded stiffness properties under seismic excitation are presented.

Response statistics of linear structures with uncertain-but-bounded parameters under Gaussian stochastic input

SOFI, Alba
2011

Abstract

Uncertainty plays a fundamental role in structural engineering since it may affect both external excitations and structural parameters. In this study, the analysis of linear structures with slight variations of the structural parameters subjected to stochastic excitation is addressed. It is realistically assumed that sufficient data are available to model the external excitation as a Gaussian random process, while only fragmentary or incomplete information about the structural parameters are known. Under this assumption, a nonprobabilistic approach is pursued and the fluctuating properties are modeled as uncertain-but-bounded parameters via interval analysis. A method for evaluating the lower and upper bounds of the second-order statistics of the response is presented. The proposed procedure basically consists in combining random vibration theory with first-order interval Taylor series expansion of the mean-value and covariance vectors of the response. After some algebra, the sets of first-order ordinary differential equations ruling the nominal and first-order sensitivity vectors of response statistics are derived. Once such equations are solved, the bounds of the mean-value and covariance vectors of the response can be evaluated by handy formulas. To validate the procedure, numerical results concerning two different structures with uncertain-but-bounded stiffness properties under seismic excitation are presented.
Uncertain-but-bounded parameters, interval analysis, first-order interval Taylor series expansion, Gaussian random excitation, bounds of response statistics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/4090
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