Indoor localization and tracking of persons and assets with centimeter-level accuracy for inventory, security, medical monitoring, and training, as well as gesture interfaces for domotics, is highly desirable in the framework of the emerging IoT paradigm. Low cost, tiny, battery, or batteryless operated position sensors are required. 3-D localization can be computed by combining three or more distance measurements between sensor and reference points. Our aim is to give the capability of measuring the distance from a reference point to radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The main challenge is in the estimation of the distances with millimeter accuracy in presence of both size and power supply strict constraints, and thus with very limited computational power. An accurate ranging technique using cross-correlation and small RFID-based sensors is pro- posed. Its originality resides in moving the main computational efforts from the sensor to an external processing unit with sufficient computational and supply power, thus overcoming the sensor limits. The system is composed of a beacon that emits ultrasound chirps and RF sync signals, a RFID-based distance sensor, a commercial RFID reader, and a processing unit. Main advantages are the high miniaturization and low power consumption of the remote sensor, and its compatibility with existing RFID standards.

Ranging RFID tags with ultrasound

R. Carotenuto;M. Merenda
;
D. Iero;F. G. Della Corte
2018

Abstract

Indoor localization and tracking of persons and assets with centimeter-level accuracy for inventory, security, medical monitoring, and training, as well as gesture interfaces for domotics, is highly desirable in the framework of the emerging IoT paradigm. Low cost, tiny, battery, or batteryless operated position sensors are required. 3-D localization can be computed by combining three or more distance measurements between sensor and reference points. Our aim is to give the capability of measuring the distance from a reference point to radio frequency identification (RFID) tags. The main challenge is in the estimation of the distances with millimeter accuracy in presence of both size and power supply strict constraints, and thus with very limited computational power. An accurate ranging technique using cross-correlation and small RFID-based sensors is pro- posed. Its originality resides in moving the main computational efforts from the sensor to an external processing unit with sufficient computational and supply power, thus overcoming the sensor limits. The system is composed of a beacon that emits ultrasound chirps and RF sync signals, a RFID-based distance sensor, a commercial RFID reader, and a processing unit. Main advantages are the high miniaturization and low power consumption of the remote sensor, and its compatibility with existing RFID standards.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/4695
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