The mathematical modelling of complex biological systems leads to system of coupled non linear partial differential equations. In this paper we present a short review on the interaction of the urokinase plasminogen activator system with a model for cancer cell in the avascular phase, faced using the moving mesh partial differential equation numerical technique. The dynamical evolution of the system as a function of the diffusion properties of cancer cells has been considered, as well the effect of hypoxia to the cancer evolution, introducing a model equation for the nutrient oxygen. The model parameters have been taken from data existing in literature, in particular to gauge the oxygen supply, data determined from in vivo experiments on human tumors have been used. The numerical results obtained simulating a one-dimensional portion of biological tissue are consistent with data existing in literature. Our high-resolution computations show that cancer proliferation begins through highly irregular spatio-temporal pattern, which depends on cancer motility characteristics. In presence of hypoxia, the cancer proliferation patterns are still characterized by inhomogeneous pattern, but other effects are present which depend on the model parameters, triggered by the oxygen.
|Titolo:||MODELING AVASCULAR TUMOR GROWTH: APPROACH WITH AN ADAPTIVE GRID NUMERICAL TECHNIQUE|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|