The effects of soil management on some microbiological properties and soil bacterial community structure were evaluated. Two field siteswith the same soil type, located on the same geographic area adjacent to one other, have received different soil management practices andcultivation. One site has been subjected for 20 years to intensive horticulture under conventional tillage and irrigation with low quality saltrichwater; the second field site has been uncultivated for a long period and was turned to organic farming practices over the last 5 years and iscurrently cultivated with fruit orchard. Total bacterial counts, microbial ATP, microbial community metabolic (BIOLOGw) profiles, andDNA fingerprinting by PCR-DGGE were determined. Two-way ANOVA revealed that total bacterial counts were not significantly (PO0.3)affected by the two different management practices; ATP content was consistently and significantly (P!0.001) lower in salt-water irrigatedsoil than in organic soil at the three sampling times. The cluster analysis of community level physiological profiles indicated that microbialcommunities were much more uniform in organic soil than in irrigated one, suggesting that salt-water irrigation could have affected the sizeof the microbial population, its metabolic activities, as well as its composition. Molecular patterns fitted the BIOLOGw profile diversity. Inparticular, at any sampling time, PCR-DGGE patterns of bacterial DNA, extracted by an indirect method, significantly discriminatedirrigated from organic soil samples. The PCR-DGGE patterns of total soil DNA, extracted by a direct method, showed a moderate tosignificant variation among irrigated and organic soil samples. Biochemical, microbiological and molecular data contributed to evidence asignificantly different response of indigenous microflora to soil management by using saline water or organic farming.
|Titolo:||Functional and molecular responses of soil microbial communities under differing soil management practices|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|