The effects have been studied for two extraction systems: stirring and Soxhlet, andfour different solvents: acetone, chloroform, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether on the physicochemical tomato seed oil properties, for an edible use and for biodiesel production.Oil yield was higher after Soxhlet-petroleum ether extraction (21.19%). Free acidity was always above 2.50%, only Soxhlet-ethyl acetate extracted a tomato seed oil with a veryhigh free acidity (9.51%). The p-anisidine value was lower than 10 after both Sox andstir extractions with ethyl acetate and chloroform. Soxhlet extraction always produced the tomato seed oil with the highest Totox index. Spectrophotometric characteristicsdescribed a non-oxidized vegetable oil. Physicochemical properties for biofuel production were: density (20°C) 912.8-926.6 kg/m3; acid value 5.44-18.93 mg KOH (g of oil)-1; oxidative stability index 1.4-8.0 (h). The highest heating value and cetane number were always above 36 MJ (kg of oil)-1 and 39 respectively indicated by DIN 51605 standard for a rapeseed oil for biodiesel production. Essential fatty acids were 57-58% of the total fatty acid methyl ester content. Total mono-unsaturated fatty acid, poly-unsaturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid content was also calculated. The results suggest that tomato seed oil can be used as a feedstock for biodiesel production and as a food.Stirring-chloroform extraction produced the best oil for an edible use except for phenolcontent and 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl index which were highest when ethyl acetate was used for both stirrer and Soxhlet. Stirring-chloroform and stirring petroleum etherextractions showed the best performances for biodiesel production.
|Titolo:||Tomato seed oil: a comparison of extraction systems and solvents on its biodiesel and edible properties|
GIUFFRE', Angelo Maria (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|