The paper describes some scientific studies conducted by the author, about low impact materials and, particularly, on alternative uses of biomass materials for building materials. Italy needs to develop renewable energy sources and agriculture offers many opportunities: biomass, vegetable residues livestock breeding, food industry waste, organic waste. Solid biofuels, biogas, biofuels, will be the new renewable energy sources. In researches for promoting sustainable development, in-cluding in chemistry field is increasing interest in the exploitation of vegetal biomass, in particular waste as a raw ma-terial for production of bio-products and bio-fuels. Not always, however, the use of waste materials such as biomass is the most appropriate, or in any case, the one with less energy expenditure. As ever more evident, in fact, the construc-tion sector is approaching the possibility of using these materials for other purposes, combining the demands of saving natural resources, the need for energy efficiency in buildings and production processes.
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