Four different intergenic regions of mitochondrial DNA (mt-IGS), a fragment of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region of the rDNA (rDNA-IGS), and a fragment of the ras-related protein (Ypt1) gene were amplified and sequenced from a panel of 31 Phytophthora species representing the most significant forest pathogens and the breadth of diversity in the genus. Over 80 kbp of novel sequences were generated and alignments showed very variable (introns and non-coding regions) as well as conserved coding regions. The mitochondrial DNA regions had an AT/GC ratio ranging from 67.2 to 89.0% and were appropriate for diagnostic development and phylogeographic analysis. The IGS fragment was less variable but still appropriate to discriminate amongst some important forest pathogens. The introns of the Ypt1 gene were sufficiently polymorphic for the development of molecular markers for almost all Phytophthora species, with more conserved flanking coding regions appropriate for the design of Phytophthora genus-specific primers. In general, phylogenetic analysis of the sequence alignments grouped species in clades that matched those based on the ITS regions of the rDNA. In many cases the resolution was improved over ITS but in other cases sequences were too variable to align accurately and yielded phylograms inconsistent with other data. Key studies on the intraspecific variation and primer specificity remain. However the research has already yielded an enormous dataset for the identification, detection and study of the molecular evolution of Phytophthora species.

Assessing the potential of regions of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome to develop a “molecular tool box” for the detection and characterization of Phytophthora species

SCHENA, Leonardo
;
2006

Abstract

Four different intergenic regions of mitochondrial DNA (mt-IGS), a fragment of the intergenic spacer (IGS) region of the rDNA (rDNA-IGS), and a fragment of the ras-related protein (Ypt1) gene were amplified and sequenced from a panel of 31 Phytophthora species representing the most significant forest pathogens and the breadth of diversity in the genus. Over 80 kbp of novel sequences were generated and alignments showed very variable (introns and non-coding regions) as well as conserved coding regions. The mitochondrial DNA regions had an AT/GC ratio ranging from 67.2 to 89.0% and were appropriate for diagnostic development and phylogeographic analysis. The IGS fragment was less variable but still appropriate to discriminate amongst some important forest pathogens. The introns of the Ypt1 gene were sufficiently polymorphic for the development of molecular markers for almost all Phytophthora species, with more conserved flanking coding regions appropriate for the design of Phytophthora genus-specific primers. In general, phylogenetic analysis of the sequence alignments grouped species in clades that matched those based on the ITS regions of the rDNA. In many cases the resolution was improved over ITS but in other cases sequences were too variable to align accurately and yielded phylograms inconsistent with other data. Key studies on the intraspecific variation and primer specificity remain. However the research has already yielded an enormous dataset for the identification, detection and study of the molecular evolution of Phytophthora species.
Phytophthora; Forests; Natural ecosystems; Mitochondrial DNA; Ypt1 gene; Intergenic spacer (IGS) region
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/7183
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 82
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 79
social impact