Between XVIII and XX centuries, the forest resources in Calabria region (southern Italy) were intensively exploited and only political strengths, relatively recent, led to a re-establishment of forest cover. and a. Thanks to these actions, from 1957 to 1980, reforestation and forest recovery activities interested 153.000 ha and forest cover increased of 32%, with a consequent reduction of the erosion processes in mountainous areas. In the present study we analysed three monospecific conifer stands, reforested 50 years ago, in the Aspromonte National Park, dominated by calabrian pine, Monterey pine and silver fir, respectively. Particularly, the long-term effects of the reforestation and the management implications were evaluated in relation to the enhancement of the environmental resources of a modern Metropolitan city. All the reforested stands were highly productive (volumes of living trees: 673 m3 ha-1 for calabrian pine, 524.9 m3 ha-1 for Monterey pine and 1578 m3 ha-1 for silver-fir). However,, the lack of management often induced tree diseases and downfall, then loss of timber quality. Reforestation activities accomplished importance goals: (1) slopes protection and soil conservation; (2) timber production and (3) consequent socio-economic and employment advantages. However, in order to fulfil the long-term effects of such benefits, an active forest management is needed, together with a constant monitoring of the natural trends occurring in these reforested stands. Finally, reforested stands across all the Metropolitan areas play an important role in hydrological protection, water storage, but also for timber production. Therefore, their management (holistic and sustainable) is essential to enhance such resources within a Metropolitan city. For this achievement, it is fundamental that forest policies should pay more attention to the management, restoration and ecological stability of reforested stands.
|Titolo:||Environmental resources conservation through sustainable forest management|
MARZILIANO, Pasquale Antonio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|