The study describes a stand-alone photovoltaic system in which the storage is realized using electrolytichydrogen, converted into electricity in fuel cells. The aim of the research is the optimization of the sizingof the system elements chain (photovoltaic generator, electrolyzer, tank, fuel cell) with respect to theelectric load to fulfil.A positive annual balance between hydrogen production and consumption must be guaranteed;furthermore, energy production surplus that cannot be stored or converted into hydrogen due to bat-teries or tanks capacity limits must be avoided.The energetic analysis and that of hydrogen production and consumption have been carried out on anhourly basis using the HOMER software.The study shows that, being the load active in the evening and the system disconnected from the grid,excess energy cannot be exploited unless large tanks are used, if high gas pressures are to be avoided.Consequently, the system use in public areas or residential buildings, where visual impact generated bytanks is hardly acceptable and safety rules do not allow high gas pressures, is advisable only in grid-connected configurations. Such problems are by far reduced when a marked self consumptions is present.
|Titolo:||Energetic and economic analysis of a stand alone PV system with hydrogen storage|
PIETRAFESA, Matilde Mariarosa Consolata (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|