One of the greatest challenges in the enhancement of the electrical properties of conductive mayenite [Ca24Al28O64]4+(4e−) (hereinafter C12A7:e−) is the design of a more suitable/simple synthesis strategy that can be employed to obtain the required properties such as excellent stable electrical conductivity, a high electron concentration, outstanding mobility, and an exceptionally large surface area. Therefore, to synthesize C12A7:e− in the metallic state, we proposed a facile, direct synthesis strategy based on an optimized sol–gel combustion method under a nitrogen gas environment using the low-cost precursors Ca(NO3)2·4H2O and Al(NO3)3·9H2O. Using this developed strategy, we successfully synthesized moderately conductive nanoscale C12A7:e− powder, but with unexpected carbon components (reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and/or graphene oxide (GO)). The synthesized C12A7:e− composite at room temperature has an electrical conductivity of about 21 S cm−1, a high electron concentration of approximately 1.5 × 1021 cm−3, and a maximum specific surface area of 265 m2 g−1. Probably, the synthesized rGO was coated on nanocage C12A7:e− particles. In general, the C12A7:e− electride is sensitive to the environment (especially to oxygen and moisture) and protected by an rGO coating on C12A7:e− particles, which also enhances the mobility and keeps the conductivity of C12A7:e− electride stable over a long period. Doped mayenite electride exhibits a conductivity that is strongly dependent on the substitution level. The conductivity of gallium-doped mayenite electride increases with the doping level and has a maximum value of 270 S cm−1, which for the first time has been reported for the stable C12A7:e− electride. In the case of Si-substituted calcium aluminate, the conductivity has a maximum value of 222 S cm−1 at room temperature.

Facile synthesis of cationic doped [Ca24Al28O64]4+.(4e-) composite via rapid citrate sol-gel method

BIBBO' L;
2018-01-01

Abstract

One of the greatest challenges in the enhancement of the electrical properties of conductive mayenite [Ca24Al28O64]4+(4e−) (hereinafter C12A7:e−) is the design of a more suitable/simple synthesis strategy that can be employed to obtain the required properties such as excellent stable electrical conductivity, a high electron concentration, outstanding mobility, and an exceptionally large surface area. Therefore, to synthesize C12A7:e− in the metallic state, we proposed a facile, direct synthesis strategy based on an optimized sol–gel combustion method under a nitrogen gas environment using the low-cost precursors Ca(NO3)2·4H2O and Al(NO3)3·9H2O. Using this developed strategy, we successfully synthesized moderately conductive nanoscale C12A7:e− powder, but with unexpected carbon components (reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and/or graphene oxide (GO)). The synthesized C12A7:e− composite at room temperature has an electrical conductivity of about 21 S cm−1, a high electron concentration of approximately 1.5 × 1021 cm−3, and a maximum specific surface area of 265 m2 g−1. Probably, the synthesized rGO was coated on nanocage C12A7:e− particles. In general, the C12A7:e− electride is sensitive to the environment (especially to oxygen and moisture) and protected by an rGO coating on C12A7:e− particles, which also enhances the mobility and keeps the conductivity of C12A7:e− electride stable over a long period. Doped mayenite electride exhibits a conductivity that is strongly dependent on the substitution level. The conductivity of gallium-doped mayenite electride increases with the doping level and has a maximum value of 270 S cm−1, which for the first time has been reported for the stable C12A7:e− electride. In the case of Si-substituted calcium aluminate, the conductivity has a maximum value of 222 S cm−1 at room temperature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/46807
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