Accurate predictions of surface runoff and soil erosion after wildfire help land managers adopt the most suitable actions to mitigate post-fire land degradation and rehabilitation planning. The use of the Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is advisable as hydrological prediction tool, given their lower requirement of input information compared to the traditional hydrological models. This study proposes an ANN model, purposely prepared for forest areas of the semi-arid Mediterranean environments. The ANN hydrological prediction capability in non-burned, burned by wildfire, and burned and then treated soils has been verified at the plot scale in pine forests of South-Eastern Spain. Runoff and soil loss were much higher than non-burned soils (assumed as control), but mulch application was effective to control runoff and soil erosion in burned plots. Moreover, logging did not affect the hydrological response of these soils. The model gave very accurate runoff and erosion predictions in burned and non-burned soils as well as for all soil treatments (mulching and/or logging or not), with only one exception (that is, in the condition with the combination of treatments which gave the worst performance, burning, mulching and logging), as shown by the exceptionally high model efficiency and coefficients of determination. Although further experimental tests are needed to validate the ANN applicability to the burned forests of the semi-arid conditions and other ecosystems, the use of ANN can be suggested to landscape planners as decision support system for the integrated assessment and management of forests.

Predicting the hydrological response of a forest after wildfire and soil treatments using an Artificial Neural Network

D. A. Zema
;
D. Rosaci;SARNE' G;Santo Marcello Zimbone
2020-01-01

Abstract

Accurate predictions of surface runoff and soil erosion after wildfire help land managers adopt the most suitable actions to mitigate post-fire land degradation and rehabilitation planning. The use of the Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) is advisable as hydrological prediction tool, given their lower requirement of input information compared to the traditional hydrological models. This study proposes an ANN model, purposely prepared for forest areas of the semi-arid Mediterranean environments. The ANN hydrological prediction capability in non-burned, burned by wildfire, and burned and then treated soils has been verified at the plot scale in pine forests of South-Eastern Spain. Runoff and soil loss were much higher than non-burned soils (assumed as control), but mulch application was effective to control runoff and soil erosion in burned plots. Moreover, logging did not affect the hydrological response of these soils. The model gave very accurate runoff and erosion predictions in burned and non-burned soils as well as for all soil treatments (mulching and/or logging or not), with only one exception (that is, in the condition with the combination of treatments which gave the worst performance, burning, mulching and logging), as shown by the exceptionally high model efficiency and coefficients of determination. Although further experimental tests are needed to validate the ANN applicability to the burned forests of the semi-arid conditions and other ecosystems, the use of ANN can be suggested to landscape planners as decision support system for the integrated assessment and management of forests.
2020
Artificial intelligence,Erosion,Hydrological, modelling,Logging,Mulching,Surface, runoff
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12318/58957
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