The ability of three Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, with different colour adsorption aptitude, to induce and maintain colour differences in wines obtained from the Calabrian Gaglioppo and Magliocco black grape varieties was studied during one year of aging. The evolution of wine tannin content was also considered. Total polyphenols, colour parameters, and total tannin values exhibited, both for Gaglioppo and Magliocco wines, significant (P less than 0.05) or highly significant (P less than 0.01) differences among strains. It is interesting to note that yeasts appear to exhibit a different adsorption aptitude for anthocyanins and tannins. The strain that gave wine with high values for the colour parameters was not the same as the one that produced wine with high values of tannins. The obtained results suggest that the choice of yeast strain in winemaking affects, in a significant way, the phenolic composition of wines with direct consequences on their colour and tannin content. Moreover, the interaction between grape cultivar and yeast is close and important, because grape variety, due to its phenolic composition, modulates yeast strain adsorption activity.
|Titolo:||Evolution during wine aging of colour and tannin differences induced by wine starters|
SIDARI, Rossana (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2007|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|